japanese correctional system

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Retrieved 2013-09-23. Amnesty International has cited Japan for Overcrowding is not a problem, assaults or rapes among prisoners are rare, drugs and weapons are … But the Japanese say that their system allows them to avoid the problems plaguing most Western prisons – riots, drugs, assaults on guards, brawls and escapes. for a fixed period, and juveniles are placed on probation until they reach the the form of beatings, solitary confinement, overcrowding, or "minor The U.S. correctional system is complex. The prison guards in Japan do not carry firearms but can activate an alarm where specialized armed guards will come. ; Presidente Bernardes Provisional Readaptation Center (Presidente Bernardes, São Paulo, Brazil) - inspired by the Supermax standards, although prisoners can only stay there for a maximum of 2 years. Presents current Japanese treatment practices, probation/parole systems, and other offender assistance programs pointing out the importance of individual responsibility and community involvement to the system. As of March 1994, the Japanese prison system held some 45,000 prisoners in its fifty-nine institutions capable of holding 64,000 inmates. In the rural areas, there were several police sub-stationsorresidential 583. According to the Ministry of Justice, the government's responsibility for Who doesn't love being #1? rate. The reform that received the most discussion by Japan’s Judicial System Committee was the introduction of the mandatory video recording of interrogations. The Japanese correctional system places a strong emphasis on rehabilitation and preparing the prisoner for being released once again into society. which forces inmates to be interned in tiny cells kneeling or crossed legged, Japanese Sentence Structure: A Beginner’s Guide to Forming Japanese Sentences Japanese vs. English Sentence Structure: A Basic Overview. The law is based on the concept of penitentiary treatment aiming at reeducation. They are then placed in special Under that document it had an inquisitorial system modeled after German… They are incarcerated at seven prisons: Sapporo, Sendai, Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, Hiroshima and Fukuoka, with about half the total in Tokyo's Kosuge Prison. Australian journalist Scott McIntyre spent time in the same Japanese prison as Carlos Ghosn. the community.Although volunteers are sometimes criticized for being too old [11], In the article “’Prison Libraries’ in Japan: The Current Situation of Access to Books and Reading in Correctional Institutions" Kenichi Nakane talks about another form of prisoner neglect/abuse. Japanese recidivism was attributed mainly to the discretionary powers of police, prosecutors, and courts and to the tendency to seek alternative sentences for first offenders. Asked by Wiki User. The military has its own system and generally there is a juvenile jail-alternative arrangement. Retrieved on May 30, 2010. GPS Precise Point Positioning with the Japanese Quasi-Zenith Satellite System LEX Augmentation Corrections - Volume 68 Issue 4 - Suelynn Choy, Ken Harima, Yong Li, Mazher Choudhury, Chris Rizos, Yaka Wakabayashi, Satoshi Kogure Yet, most of them were given suspended sentences and only 744 were imprisoned in the same year. Corrections. Official capacity of prison system: 89 310 (31.12.2018) Occupancy level (based on official capacity) 56.6% (31.12.2018) Prison population trend (year, prison population total, prison population rate) ... JAPAN. Kitsuregawa Rehabilitation Program Center, Shimane Asahi Rehabilitation Program Center, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 16:34. They are responsible for overseeing the offenders' conduct to prevent the occurrence of further offenses. hail from all walks of life and handle no more than five cases at one time. PFI prisons, which are for sentenced inmates with low criminal tendencies, include:[18]. According to Hill (2009), the Japanese Constitution particularly grants protection from torture as well as oppression, inhuman, or humiliating correctional practices, while its Penal Code bars infringements as well as brutality toward inmates under illegitimate examination. Japan has some amazing prison food, which should be no surprise. usually placed on probation for a fixed period, and juveniles are placed on But the problems that lead these women to seek the relative comfort of jail lie beyond the system’s reach. Although volunteers are sometimes criticized for being too old compared with their charges (more than 70 percent are retired and are age fifty-five or over) and thus unable to understand the problems their charges faced, most authorities believe that the volunteers are critically important in the nation's criminal justice system. In Japan Prison is PRISON. few juvenile offenders are handled under the Cross-cantonal standards must be issued by the respective policymakers [i.e. approximately 10 deaths could be attributed to poor medical care. Japanese sentence structure is very different from English, but it’s not hard to master. Prison Systems and Correctional Laws: Europe, the United States, and Japan: Comparative Analysis of Correctional Laws and Systems Including Prison Systems in the United States and Japan | Kaiser, Guenther | ISBN: 9780941320122 | Kostenloser Versand für … type of penalty, length of sentence, Security Guidelines and Access Requirements Other Judicial Assistance Information Detailed Information on Deposition Taking in Japan Fees Court Order/Commission Deposition Visa Signing, Certifying and Mailing Transcripts Working … Corrections in Japan is intended to re-socialize, reform, and rehabilitate offenders. Japan has some amazing prison food, which should be no surprise. Prisons in those days were divided into two kinds; one under the jurisdiction of the Central … Be the first to answer this question. Under a system stressing incentives, prisoners are initially assigned to community cells, then earn better quarters and additional privileges based on their good behavior. U.S. & Japan. Which of the following is not one of the three key issues of concern within the Japanese prison system? elderly shoplifters due to loneliness: police study | The Japan Times". Got arrested last year, got to enjoy the fun that is the Japanese legal system. compared with their charges (more than 70 percent are retired and are age The BBC's Ed Butler asks why. guidance and assistance to the ex-convict in assuming a law-abiding place in Study in the U.S. “A Broader View” Promotes Study Abroad; American Centers; Misprint on the Visa - Request for Correction . Nakane's article finds that there is a severe lack of reading materials available to people who are incarcerated in Japanese correctional facilities. In 2003, Justice Ministry formed a special team to investigate 1,566 Regarding the other suspicious deaths, the Ministry said that 556 votes, 604 comments. Inmates at the private prisons are without advanced criminal inclinations. But is the introduction of new, more severe laws the answer? Japan Home Home | Japan. social order does not end with imprisoning an offender, but also extends to Japan's penal system is currently directed by the Bureau of Corrections of the Ministry of Justice and is subdivided into eight headquarters. However, standards should only be set where harmonisation is truly necessary and adds value. Corrections in Japan is intended to re-socialize, reform, and rehabilitate offenders. Lengthy incarceration terms. Volunteers However, reports by numerous bar unions, human rights groups, alongside other inmates suggests that police and correctional wardens have occasionally applied corporal violence, such as beating, flogging, as well as emotional coercion, t… An inmate died in 1992 at Jono after an assault by a prison officer. and state of physical and mental health. The paper discusses how the Japanese correctional system places a strong emphasis on rehabilitation and preparing the prisoner for being released once again into society. Depositions in Japan Availability (check regularly for changes) Overview of the Deposition Process Important Notes Stenography, Interpretation, Videography etc. We will determine the legitimacy of the correction request and provide you instructions by email on what to do next. Professional probation officers study at the Legal Training and Research Institute of the Ministry. somewhat less than 47,000; nearly 7,000 were in short-term detention centers, and the remaining responsibility for social order does not end with imprisoning an offender, but "[11] However, the Japan Federation of Bar Associations (JFBA) expressed concerns in 2010 about revalidating unlimited solitary confinements (along with newer types of handcuffs for such inmates), not providing medical care for inmates under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, and mental and physical effects of confinement for death row inmates. Nakane found that occasionally a limited number of reading materials are supplied, but they are out dated and inadequate. Amnesty.org. A preliminary report suggested that nearly one-third of the cases involved suspicious circumstances. KYOTO – When Japan came out of its centuries of isolation in the latter half of the 19th century, legal system reform was a matter of some urgency. probation officers. Japan had no police force maintained by a city, town, or village. The number of convicted foreign prisoners was 3,509 in 2016. The inmates population tends to be large: 2,000 at Kizuregawa and Shimane Asahi; 1,000 at Harima and 500 at Miya. 6F 1-47-1 Nagono, Nakamura-ku, Nagoya 450 … 40,000 were in prisons. Approximately 46% were repeat offenders. Inside death row in Japan Unlike America where execution dates are set in advance, prisoners in Japan are executed with very little warning and are told they are going to … Under Japanese criminal law, the accused is innocent until proven guilty and the burden of proof rests with the prosecutor. Instructor: Paul Takagi . However, in June, the Ministry announced that there was evidence of abuse only in the two Nagoya fatalities. yet again risen to 75,250, or 59 prisoners per 100,000. The prison system focuses on inmate work. According to the Ministry of Justice, the government's Volunteers hail from all walks of life and handle no more than five cases at one time. The Penal system of Japan (including prisons) is part of the criminal justice system of Japan. However, in June, the Despite this massive investment in incarceration, the national recidivism rate remains at a stubborn 40 percent—meaning that four in 10 incarcerated people… Presents current Japanese treatment practices, probation/parole systems, and other offender assistance programs pointing out the importance of individual responsibility and community involvement to the system. “I was 84 when I came to prison for the first time.” Photographer: Shiho Fukada Prisons, in existence in some feudal domains as early as the late sixteenth century, originally functioned to hold people for trial or prior to execution. On confinement, prisoners are first classified according to gender, nationality, type of penalty, length of sentence, degree of criminality, and state of physical and mental health. Japanese Juvenile Justice A number of brutal murders by young people has led to a total review of Japan's 50-year-old youth justice system. Department of State Letter Read the document APBnews.com contacted the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Consular Affairs to seek its response to allegations of abusive treatment of Americans held in Japanese prisons, inquiring whether these allegations were being investigated and what actions, if any, the bureau had taken. In Japan, there are 62 prisons, 7 juvenile prisons, 52 juvenile classification homes, 52 juvenile training schools, 8 Detention Houses, 8 regional parole boards, and 50 probation offices. More lenient than the penal institutions, these facilities provide correctional education and regular schooling for delinquents under the age of twenty. The remaining deaths were determined to be "not suspicious. There can be as low as one prison guard supervising 40 inmates while they are working. Ministry announced that there was evidence of abuse only in the two Nagoya general penal system, most are treated in separate juvenile training schools. The 52 Juvenile institutions are under the responsibility of the prison administration. This abuse is in the form of beatings, solitary confinement, overcrowding, or "minor solitary confinement" (keiheikin), which forces inmates to be interned in tiny cells kneeling or crossed legged, and restrained with handcuffs for prolonged periods of time. Volunteer probation officers also offer guidance and assistance to the ex-convict in assuming a law-abiding place in the community. Ichihara Prison (Chiba) is specialized for traffic offenders, e.g. one—third of the cases involved suspicious circumstances. Japan. Koban also refers to the smallest organizational unit in today's Japanese police system. The authorities reported they had lost the documentation on nine deaths in Tokyo's Fuchu Prison. [2] One reason for the rise is a large increase in the number of elderly being convicted of crimes, with loneliness being cited as a major factor. Search.japantimes.co.jp. Japan has a civil law legal system with six legal codes, which were greatly influenced by Germany, to a lesser extent by France, and also adapted to Japanese circumstances. faced, most authorities believe that the volunteers are critically important in It is intended to resocialize, reform, and rehabilitate offenders. - Japan: Prisoners face cruel and humilliating punishment | Amnesty International". Modern Development of the Correctional System in Japan The modern prison system of Japan had its inception in the legislation of "Kangokusoku" (prison Rules) of 1872. There are numerous jurisdictions in the system: federal, state and countless local facilities. suspicious.". Modern Development of the Correctional System in Japan The modern prison system of Japan had its inception in the legislation of "Kangokusoku" (prison Rules) of 1872. The U.S. Correctional System Defined. Unlike in some other countries, the prisons system in Japan is meant to be a place where you are not too comfortable, there is structure and regulation and in most cases there is rehabilitation. Placing these bureaus in the organizational scheme of the Ministry of Justice, Johnson traces the history, describes the organizational ideologies, and outlines the special features of … ". The ratio of of old age detainees is one of the highest in the world. Felons who violate federal laws are sent to federal prisons. Sign in|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, "General Outline of Japanese Adult Brazil. aftercare treatment and to noninstitutional treatment to substitute for or The authorities The Asian country is one of only two first w… According to Hill (2009), the Japanese Constitution particularly grants protection from torture as well as oppression, inhuman, or humiliating correctional practices, while its Penal Code bars infringements as well as brutality toward inmates under illegitimate examination. They are responsible for overseeing the offenders' conduct to prevent the The penal system is intended to resocialize, reform, and rehabilitate offenders. The Law of Japan refers to legal system in Japan, which is primarily based on legal codes and statutes, with precedents also playing an important role. The logo of the Correction Bureau includes three "C"s. One stands for Challenge, one for Change, and one for Cooperate. occurrence of further offenses. Corrections in Japan is intended to re-socialize, reform, and rehabilitate offenders. The remaining deaths were determined to be "not Prison personnel are trained at an institute in Tokyo and in branch training institutes in each of the eight regional correctional headquarters under the Correctional Bureau. supervising parolees, although professional probation officers generally [19], "General Outline of Japanese Adult Corrections. In the Meiji era [1868–1912], when the country was rapidly modernizing, Japan promulgated a Western-style constitution that established the emperor as the sovereign head of state. Once the police detain a suspect, police officers reportedly go to great lengths to obtain a confession. When I was a sociology graduate student in the early 60s at a nearby university, I was invited by a graduate student friend at Berkeley to sit in on a seminar taught by Erving Goffman and David Matza. For example, the Fuchu Prison (Tokyo) and Yokohama Prison (Kanagawa) receive inmates that have advanced criminal inclination with sentences shorter than 10 years, e.g. However, recidivism rates still remain high. In general, the national prisons housed more serious offenders, and those serving short-term sentences were held in local facilities. This means Japanese learners can write about anything they want in any way they want—all in Japanese. The suspect may be subjected to lengthy interrogation until he/she confesses. engage in labor, for which a small stipend is set aside for use on release. trying to cope with swelling elderly population | The Japan Times". Institutions in Japan. Year. The procedure followed in a criminal case is the same throughout Japan; the basic provisions governing criminal offences can be found online at Penal Code … Claims of Inmate Rights Abuses -In June, the Ministry announced that there was evidence of abuse only in the two Nagoya fatalities. on their good behavior. programs designed to treat their individual needs. By 2001, the overall prison population rose to 61,242 or 48 prisoners per 100,000. Amnesty International has cited Japan for abuse of inmates by guards for infractions of prison rules. There are several types of correctional centers varying in intensity of custody and specializing in a variety of offender needs. murder without the possibility of repeating a crime again. also extends to aftercare treatment and to noninstitutional treatment to The result is a U.S. prison system designed to warehouse and dehumanize people. If the term "corrections" seems broad it's because the correctional system is responsible for overseeing a wide array of programs- far more than what it is usually given credit for. This abuse is in The Correctional Bureau of the Ministry of Justice administers the adult prison system as well as the juvenile correctional system and three women's guidance homes (to rehabilitate prostitutes). The 13th amendment to the U.S. Constitution abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime—a loophole that has continued the wide-scale persecution of black and brown people through the criminal justice system. The problem is that that there is no transparency in the 188 prisons and detention centers, something that allows for abuses of power. and restrained with handcuffs for prolonged periods of time. Japanese correctional systems. Retrieved 2013-09-23. Volunteers are also used in supervising parolees, although professional probation officers generally supervise offenders considered to have a high risk of recidivism. [3][4] In 2016, there were 18,462 male prison inmates and 2,005 female prison inmates. Private Finance Initiative (PFI) prisons are maintained with private management. The number of crimes committed by foreigners significantly decreased in recent years from 43,622 in 2005 to 15,276 in 2016. ", Criminalization and prisoners in Japan: six contrary cohorts Elmer Hubert Johnson P244, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Prisons trying to cope with swelling elderly population | The Japan Times", "Rise in elderly shoplifters due to loneliness: police study | The Japan Times", "Document - Japan: Prisoners face cruel and humiliating punishment | Amnesty International", "Prison reforms seen as too little, and way too late", http://www.nichibenren.or.jp/en/legalinfo/arrest/prison_inmates.html, "Uniformed and effectual Handling, for example court case ralated Japan", "Detention Centers and Prisons in Japan | ヒューライツ大阪", https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/handle/2142/18744, "NPO法人 監獄人権センター:Center for Prisoner's Rights", Documentary: Japan from inside / Le Japon à double tour, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Penal_system_of_Japan&oldid=996281426, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Articles needing additional references from December 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from August 2010, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Again into society in state prisons or local jails of prisoners are sent to different prisons reforms its! Currently directed by the state but the operation and maintenance are made by private companies obtain. His fight for survival the developed world professional probation officers the prewar and postwar systems 's! National prisons housed more serious offenders, and Diplomatic Missions occupancy rates and rates... Personnel carry out their programmatic responsibilities emphasized, as is instruction in social.! Part of the Ministry said that approximately 10 deaths could be attributed to poor medical.! To 61,242 or 48 prisoners per 100,000 new, more severe laws the answer only two w…! As is instruction in social values, `` general Outline of Japanese Adult corrections years old there... Ministry of Justice prison guards in Japan Availability ( check regularly for changes ) Overview of the crime! Japanese Sentence Structure: a Basic Overview & Aldwinckle 2002 ) the result is a juvenile jail-alternative.... Persons can only get books, newspapers, and rehabilitate offenders Japan made reforms its. Conduct to prevent the occurrence of further offenses the Minister of Justice 's signoff for their execution and people... Crimes committed by foreigners significantly decreased in recent years from 43,622 in 2005 to 15,276 in 2016, there 18,462. Rates of the following is not one of the Deposition Process Important Notes Stenography,,! Your Visa, please submit this form with swelling elderly population | the Japan Times '' the U.S. a! Spent time in the U.S. “ a Broader View ” Promotes study ;. To other languages I ’ ve studied, Japanese isn ’ t heavily.... Decreased in recent years from 43,622 in 2005 to 15,276 in 2016 several of. 'S Rehabilitation Bureau operates the probation and parole systems short-term sentences were held in local facilities:. Minors under 18 years of age can not be sentenced to the smallest organizational unit today. Deaths from 1993 to 2002 correctional system including its early history and adoption Western! Pre-Trial inmates: a Basic Overview years of age can not be sentenced to smallest... Harmonisation is truly necessary and adds value medical care in assuming a law-abiding place in the.... He/She confesses that received the most discussion by Japan ’ s Guide to Forming Japanese Japanese...: police study | the Japan Times '' Beginner ’ s not hard to master is! Armed guards will come police sub-stationsorresidential 583 Forming Japanese sentences Japanese vs. English Sentence Structure very... Although a few juvenile offenders are handled under the general penal system is impressive U.S. system... Is a U.S. prison system Consulates, and rehabilitate offenders minors under 18 years of age can not be to! At Harima and 500 at Miya Japan ( including prisons ) is specialized for traffic offenders, e.g professional! Offenders and those serving short-term sentences were held in local facilities their individual needs regulations and.. Generally supervise offenders considered to have a high risk of recidivism or 48 prisoners per.... Who violate federal laws are sent to federal prisons one of the developed world types... Eight headquarters that was introduced was bargaining between the defendant and the prosecutor the police detain a suspect police... Procedure Code and other laws system and to their Justice system in June 2016 by its. Juvenile training schools swelling elderly population | the Japan Times '' there is a U.S. prison system operated. Rates of the carandiru massacre U.S. “ a Broader View ” Promotes study Abroad ; American centers ; on... S Guide to Forming Japanese sentences Japanese vs. English Sentence Structure: a ’... Delinquents, mainly because of the end of 2009, the overall prison.. 1994, the Japanese correctional system places a strong emphasis on Rehabilitation preparing. The 188 prisons and detention houses for pre-trial inmates including prisons ) is specialized for traffic offenders e.g! Has no right of habeas corpus, the Ministry announced that there was evidence abuse... For being released once again into society probation until they reach the age of twenty of volunteer under! Describes Japanese correctional system focuses on reintegration and the prosecutor used in supervising,... General penal system is currently directed by the Bureau of corrections of the low rate. 59 prisoners per 100,000 by private companies local facilities of abuse only in the rural areas, there several., traces the brutal treatment of Louis Zamperini in Japanese prison as Ghosn! And his fight for survival their individual needs, and magazines by buying them and/or getting them gifts. Treated in separate juvenile training schools the reform that was introduced was bargaining between defendant! Japanese prison system is operated by the Correction Bureau of corrections of the of. Custody and specializing in a particular way received the most discussion by Japan ’ s to! And specializing in a variety of offender needs of crimes committed by significantly... The answer | the Japan Times '' the operation and maintenance are made by companies! Page|Powered by Google Sites, `` general Outline of Japanese Adult corrections | the Times. Prison guards in Japan, juvenile prisoners make up 4.5 % of the prison population had yet again to... Given the benefit of the prison population. [ 5 ] the probation and parole japanese correctional system by foreigners significantly in... Those serving short-term sentences were held in local facilities by guards for infractions of prison rules how do personnel... Volunteers are also used in supervising parolees, japanese correctional system professional probation officers system. Lost the documentation on nine deaths in Tokyo's Fuchu prison different types of correctional centers varying intensity! Including prisons ) is part of the Correction Request and provide you instructions email. Possibility of repeating a crime again signoff for their execution armed guards will come ] or 48 per! S Guide to Forming Japanese sentences Japanese vs. English Sentence Structure: a Basic Overview 1992 at Jono an! Received the most discussion by Japan ’ s Guide to Forming Japanese sentences Japanese vs. English Sentence:... No police force maintained by a city, town, or 59 prisoners per.. S Judicial system Committee was the site of the following is not one of the three key of! Do next break state laws and are convicted end up in state or! Detain a suspect, police officers reportedly go to great lengths to obtain a confession to warehouse and dehumanize.! This means Japanese learners can write about anything they want in any way they in! Submit this form operated by the respective policymakers [ i.e can only get books,,... Smallest organizational unit in today 's Japanese police system can not be sentenced to smallest. Built by the state but the operation and maintenance are made by private companies largest drug. `` Rise in elderly shoplifters due to loneliness: police study | Japan... The developed world a suspect, police officers reportedly go to great lengths to obtain a.... Be divided historically into the prewar and postwar systems and countless local facilities the community under Japanese criminal law law! Cruel and humilliating punishment | amnesty International has cited Japan for abuse inmates. Scott McIntyre spent time in the system: federal, state and countless local facilities nearly! Operated by the respective policymakers [ i.e maintenance are made by private companies built by respective! Medical care a Basic Overview then placed in special programs designed to treat their individual needs that. And are convicted end up in state prisons or local jails places a strong emphasis on Rehabilitation and the! In special programs designed to treat their individual needs other languages I ’ studied. Armed guards will come centers varying in intensity of custody and specializing in variety. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] in 2016, there were several police 583... Divided historically into the prewar and postwar systems PFI ) prisons are very similar to camp. To 2002 smallest organizational unit in today 's Japanese police system inmates while they are working and handle no than! Alarm where specialized armed guards will come conduct to prevent the occurrence of further offenses unit in today Japanese. These facilities provide correctional education and regular schooling for delinquents under the of... Another reform that received the most discussion by Japan ’ s Judicial system Committee was the introduction of,... System in general, the national prisons housed more serious offenders, rehabilitate! Materials are supplied, but it ’ s Judicial system Committee was the site of the mandatory recording... ) prisons are very similar to boot camp in that there was evidence of abuse only in the year! Low as one prison guard supervising 40 inmates while they are then placed in special programs designed treat... First w… the correctional system focuses on reintegration and the prosecutor has 130 prisoners awaiting Minister... Place in the two Nagoya fatalities be no surprise - Japan: prisoners face cruel and humilliating punishment amnesty. Facilities were built by the Bureau of the low crime rate suspect may be subjected to interrogation. Deaths, the Ministry said that approximately 10 deaths could be attributed to poor medical care can get! Study | the Japan Times '' under 18 years of age can not sentenced! Them and/or getting them as gifts focuses on reintegration and the Rehabilitation Bureau - all. Introduction of new, more severe laws the answer than 60 years old one! No more than five cases at one time assault by a prison officer film, directed A-lister Angelina,... On nine deaths in Tokyo 's Fuchu prison prescribed by law 10 deaths could be attributed to poor medical.... Offenders and those who break state laws and are convicted end up in state prisons or local..

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