south dakota battleship

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Most of the ships conducted gunnery training while the carriers conducted strikes independently against targets in the Philippines over the next three days. The fleet carriers conducted a series of air strikes on Japan, targeting the Tokyo area on 17 February, but bad weather made it difficult for the aircraft to operate. Since her radios had been disabled by gunfire, Gatch could not communicate with Lee, so he turned south and disengaged. [26] The historian H. P. Wilmott speculated that had Halsey detached TF 34 promptly and not delayed the battleships by refueling the destroyers, the ships could have easily arrived in the strait ahead of Center Force and, owing to the marked superiority of their radar-directed main guns, destroyed Kurita's ships. At 0007 three enemy vessels were sighted east of Savo Island at a range of about 18,000 yards. Three of the groups, including South Dakota's, retired and operated east of the Philippine Islands until 24 December. Rear Admiral (RADM) Willis Lee took command of the ships, designated Battleship Division (BatDiv) 6 on 14 August, hoisting his flag aboard South Dakota. Shafroth transferred to Alabama on 12 August and South Dakota was reassigned to TG 38.3 the next morning. Another Japanese air strike hit the fleet late on the 30th, and this time South Dakota engaged two waves of attackers but did not shoot any down. The first Japanese wave struck Hornet's group, inflicting serious damage on the carrier and forcing her to withdraw, though South Dakota and Enterprise were left unmolested. South Dakota opened fire with her 5-inch guns at 19:03 as the first wave arrived before the target turned away. [2] This was two fewer turrets than her sisters, a reduction in weight and magazine space to accommodate the extra personnel and equipment for her use as a flagship. [30], Heavy resistance from Taffy 3 threw Kurita's battleships and cruisers into disarray and led him to break off the attack before South Dakota and the rest of TF 34 could arrive. There, she engaged in further firing practice before steaming to Philadelphia, finally being declared ready for active duty on 26 July. Frantic calls for help later that morning led Halsey to detach Lee's battleships to head south and intervene. The battleships were then sent to bombard the town of Kamaishi to destroy the Kamaishi Steel Works, but the mountainous terrain made targeting the facility difficult. They were the second class of battleships to be named after the 40th state; the first were designed in the 1920s and canceled under the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty. [26], Later that evening, Commodore Arleigh Burke, Mitscher's Chief of Staff, suggested that Mitscher detach South Dakota and Massachusetts (along with a pair of light cruisers and a destroyer screen) to send them ahead of the carriers to fight a night action with the Northern Force. During these exercises, she experienced difficulties with her engines; divers inspected the screws and discovered that several of the blades on three of her four propellers were bent or chipped. [26], On the morning of 25 October, Mitscher began his first attack on the Northern Force, initiating the Battle off Cape Engaño; over the course of six strikes on the Japanese fleet, the Americans sank all four carriers and damaged two old battleships that had been converted into hybrid carriers. During that period, she received replacements for her destroyed Kingfishers. The ships met the carriers Bunker Hill and Monterey on the way, and on arriving in Funafuti two days later, the group was re-numbered as TF 58.8, as Fifth Fleet had taken command of the fast carrier task force. Although Norman Friedman describes the South Dakotas as the ultimate development of the series of U.S. battleships that began with the Nevada class, they were also … During fitting out in 1942, she received a Mark 3 fire control radar, mounted on her conning tower to assist in the direction of her main battery guns and Mark 4 radars for the secondary battery guns. The secondary battery consisted of sixteen 5 in (127 mm) /38 caliber dual purpose guns mounted in twin turrets clustered amidships, four turrets on either side. South Dakota steamed out of Tokyo Bay on 20 September and proceeded, via Okinawa and Pearl Harbor, to the west coast of the United States. South Dakota's 5-inch gunners engaged Japanese aircraft at long range late on 21 February and into the early hours of 22 February. Old and incredible would be an equally appropriate name for her. On 12 September, the ship set sail for the Pearl Harbor Navy Yardto receive repairs. Unlike the latter, they were even supposed to be armored against artillery fire from 16-inch (406-mm) guns. [26], TF 58 sortied on 6 June to begin Operation Forager, the invasion of the Mariana Islands. At 23:40, she engaged Hashimoto's ships with her rear turret, which accidentally set her Kingfishers on fire, but a second salvo knocked two of the three burning aircraft overboard and blew out the fire on the third. Sep 29, 2013 - South Dakota Class Battleships of the US Navy. Because of the World War II exploits against the Japanese in the South Pacific, this mighty battleship became a legend before she was a year old. To compensate for the reduction in medium anti-aircraft firepower, she received light anti-aircraft guns. As the ships withdrew, a single Japanese plane attacked them but evaded all fire from the ships and escaped. [37], Plans were drawn up during the period she was in reserve to modernize South Dakota and the other ships of her class should they be needed for future active service. The initiation of major attacks on the island, a clear indicator of an impending amphibious assault, led the Japanese to begin a serious, concentrated kamikaze campaign against the fleet, damaging numerous vessels but not seriously impeding the Allies' progress. Four days later, having inflicted serious damage on airfields and several warships in Kure, the task force withdrew to refuel. The ship continued to fight throughout the day as air attacks were continuous. She displaced 37,970 long tons (38,580 t) as designed and up to 44,519 long tons (45,233 t) at full combat load. South Dakota and the Enterprise group were approximately 10 mi (16 km) from the Hornet group when the air battle began. Two days later, she steamed down to San Pedro, California. [7][22][23], A hit below the waterline caused minor flooding and a list of 0.75 degrees, though that was quickly corrected. She joined the aircraft carrier Saratoga, which had been torpedoed by a Japanese submarine south of Guadalcanal, and her escorts for the voyage. From USS South Dakota Battleship Memorial to other great USS South Dakota Battleship Memorial shows, tours and hot spots, Expedia's USS South Dakota Battleship Memorial sightseeing guide has you covered. The Japanese planes did not attack, however, and the fleet returned to its cruising formation. [26], South Dakota, Alabama, and a screen of destroyers were detached from the carrier raiding force to return to TG 58.2; they arrived back in Majuro on 26 February where they refueled and conducted shooting practice over the next month. USS South Dakota Battleship Memorial: A step back - See 174 traveler reviews, 100 candid photos, and great deals for Sioux Falls, SD, at Tripadvisor. [37], The battleships then returned to their positions with TF 38 and covered them during air strikes on Honshu and Hokkaido on 15 July. [5], The ship's light anti-aircraft battery was gradually expanded. The first enemy attack was concentrated against the Hornet. She evaded the torpedoes and shot down one of the attackers. Two days later she joined the battleship Washington and destroyers Preston, Walke, Benham, and Gwin to form TF 64 under command of Rear Admiral Willis A. Lee. A third wave hit the task force an hour later, and at 11:48, a group of Nakajima B5N torpedo bombers attacked South Dakota. South Dakota suffered a 550 lb (250 kg) bomb hit on top of her number one turret. [26], South Dakota steamed to Majuro to replenish fuel and ammunition on 4 February before departing on 12 February to support Operation Hailstone, a raid on the major Japanese naval base in the central Pacific at Truk. Instead of participating in the scheduled exercises, she had to return to dry dock in Pearl Harbor for repairs that lasted until 16 September. Workers from Vestal patched the hull, allowing her to depart for Pearl Harbor on 12 September, where permanent repairs were effected. Both initial salvos struck and started fires on the respective targets. They were again tasked primarily with escorting the fast carrier strike force, providing protection against surface forces and their ample anti-aircraft batteries to defend against hostile aircraft. The ships of TG 58.3 were then sent to reinforce the invasion fleet during the Battle of Iwo Jima from 19 to 22 February. Two men were killed and over fifty were wounded by fragments from the bomb. The smoke around the battleship is from the ship's anti-aircraft guns. The battleships opened fire shortly before midnight on 29 July and continued firing into the early hours of the 30th. [26], After leaving the Okinawa area, Mitscher turned to make a feint toward the Philippines late in the day before turning west toward Formosa, which he attacked in a major raid beginning on 12 October. Six days later, she was in the screen for the carriers which launched the first air attacks against the Mariana Islands. She then underwent an overhaul in preparation for deactivation. A fitting and respectful installation commemorating the most decorated warship of World War II. Several waves of G4M bombers struck the fleet, torpedoing the cruiser USS Canberra. That evening, American reconnaissance aircraft spotted Japanese warships off Savo Island, prompting Lee to order his ships to general quarters. The second wave reached the fleet about twenty minutes later and South Dakota's gunners engaged it as well. South Dakota, with five other battleships, formed another task group on 8 December to bombard Nauru Island; the joint aerial attack and shore bombardment severely damaged enemy shore installations and airfields there. [26] However, Halsey waited more than an hour after receiving orders from Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, the Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet, to detach TF 34; still steaming north during this interval, the delay added two hours to the battleships' voyage south. South Dakota fired two or three salvos at the next Japanese ship in the line before shifting fire to target Kirishima as well, firing five salvos in total before checking her fire as her gun directing equipment had been disabled; her secondary battery nevertheless kept up a heavy fire. At 1045 Task Force 16 was attacked by a group of dive bombers. While attempting to avoid a submarine contact on the return trip to Nouméa, South Dakota collided with the destroyer Mahan on 30 October. The force was under constant enemy air attack, and South Dakota shot down four Japanese planes. When the action was broken off that evening, the American forces retired toward Nouméa, New Caledonia. For more information about our products, visit our Store page today. South Dakota again replenished her fuel bunkers on 7 August before re-forming TU 34.8.1 for a third bombardment mission on 9 August. Battleship SOUTH DAKOTA (BB57) Ordered:15 December 1938 Builder:New York Shipbuilding Corporation Laid down:5 July 1939 Launched:7 June 1941 Commissioned:20 March 1942 Decommissioned:31 January 1947 Fate:Broken up, 1962, Parts of the ship preserved at Sioux Falls, South Dakota. At 00:05, the Japanese ceased firing at South Dakota and she increased speed to 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph) and checked her fire at 00:08. 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